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SEMINAR: “Why Comparative Physiology is relevant to clinicians: does it matter that our mice live at 22°C?”

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Today's date is Thursday, September 23, 2021
“Why Comparative Physiology is relevant to clinicians: does it matter that our mice live at 22°C?” : School of Anatomy, Physiology & Human Biology Seminar Series Other events...
The Seminar: In this seminar we discuss the relevance of comparative physiology to aspects of temperature regulation, and the problems of extrapolating from animal models to humans. Students of comparative physiology learn detail of size scaling laws in animal energetics, including laws that describe the effect of body size on heat exchange and on the thermoneutral zone. Much of the research on animal models of human disease, including genetic risk models, is done on rodents maintained at 22-23°C, a temperature well below a rodent’s thermoneutral zone. In some disease domains this experimental anomaly may not matter, but the increase in metabolism and decrease in RQ (indicative of increased fat oxidation) that occurs below the thermoneutral zone may confound extrapolations to humans in any disease with a metabolic component. Another medical issue topical currently is whether isolated cooling of the traumatized human brain is feasible, the study of which is confounded by the difficulty of measuring deep brain temperature in healthy humans. Based on studies of many other species, we show that capacity for selective brain cooling depends on the carotid rete, a structure that humans and other primates do not possess, rendering it improbable that humans can implement selective brain cooling. The primary determinant of brain temperature is the temperature of the blood reaching it. If the temperature of blood destined for the brain is manipulated, isolated cooling of the brain is possible. Cooling the head without cooling the blood destined for the brain does not result in isolated

The Speaker: Shane Maloney is a Professor in the School of Anatomy, Physiology, and Human Biology at the University of Western Australia. He did his PhD at the University of New South Wales on thermal biology of the emu followed by a post-doctoral fellowship in the Brain Function Research Unit at the University of the Witwatersrand, where he focussed on brain temperature regulation in mammals. Since 1999 he has been at the University of Western Australia where his research centres on environmental physiology in man and other animals, with a focus on heat balance, energy use, and the mechanisms of thermoregulation.
Speaker(s) Professor Shane Maloney, School of Anatomy, Physiology & Human Biology, UWA
Location Room 1.81, Anatomy, Physiology & Human Biology Building North
Contact Debbie Hull <[email protected]> : 6488 3313
Start Tue, 29 Oct 2013 13:00
End Tue, 29 Oct 2013 14:00
Submitted by Debbie Hull <[email protected]>
Last Updated Wed, 23 Oct 2013 12:26
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