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SEMINAR: Scales and balances: The use of dimensionless numbers to classify transport, reaction and aquatic connectivity

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Today's date is Thursday, August 13, 2020
Scales and balances: The use of dimensionless numbers to classify transport, reaction and aquatic connectivity : SESE Seminar Other events...
Assessing the potential for transfer of pollutants and nutrients across catchments, water bodies and coastal areas is of primary importance under changing land use and climate. Over the past decade the connectivity/disconnectivity dynamic of a catchment has been related to its potential to export material, however we continue to use multiple definitions of connectivity, and most have focused strongly on physical (hydrological or hydraulic) connectivity. In contrast, this paper constantly focuses on the dynamic balance between transport and material transformation, and defines material connectivity as the effective transfer of material between elements of the hydrological cycle. The concept of exposure timescales is developed and used to define three distinct regimes: I which is hydrologically connected and transport is dominated by advection; II which is hydrologically connected and transport is dominated by diffusion; and III which is materially isolated. The ratio of exposure timescales to material processing timescales is presented as the non-dimensional number, NE, where NE is reaction-specific and allows estimation of relevant spatial scales over which the reactions of interest take place. Case studies within each regime provide examples of how NE can be used to characterise systems according to their sensitivity to shifts in hydrology or hydrodynamics, and gain insight into the biogeochemical processes that are significant under the specified conditions. Finally, we explore the implications of the NE framework for improved water management, and for our understanding of biodiversity, resilience and chemical competitiveness under specified conditions.
Speaker(s) W/P Carolyn Oldham, SESE
Location Weatherburn Lecture Theatre, G40 Mathematics Building
Contact Lorraine Dorn <[email protected]> : 3701
Start Thu, 18 Apr 2013 16:00
End Thu, 18 Apr 2013 17:00
Submitted by Lorraine Dorn <[email protected]>
Last Updated Thu, 18 Apr 2013 14:16
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