SEMINAR: Groups and Combinatorics Seminar: Bacterial genome evolution with algebra


Groups and Combinatorics Seminar: Bacterial genome evolution with algebra 
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Andrew Francis (University of Western Sydney)
will speak on
Bacterial genome evolution with algebra
at 2pm Thursday 28th of March in Blakers Lecture Theatre
NOTE CHANGE OF DAY, TIME AND VENUE
Abstract:
The genome of a bacterial organism consists of a single circular chromosome that can undergo changes at several different levels. There is the very local level of errors that are introduced through the replication process, giving rise to changes in the nucleotide sequence (A,C,G,T); there are larger scale sequence changes occurring during the lifetime of the cell that are able to insert whole segments of foreign DNA, delete segments, or invert segments (among other things); and there are even topological changes that give rise to knotting in DNA.
Algebra might be defined as the study of ``sets with structure", and has been used over the past century to describe the symmetries of nature, most especially in areas like physics and crystallography, but it also plays a role in technological problems such a cryptography. In this talk I will describe how algebraic ideas can be used to model some bacterial evolutionary processes. In particular I will give an example in which modelling the inversion process gives rise to new algebraic questions, and show how algebraic results about the affine symmetric group can be used to calculate the ``inversion distance" between bacterial genomes. This has applications to phylogeny reconstruction.
All welcome.
Speaker(s) 
Andrew Francis

Location 
Blakers Lectur Theatre


Contact 
Neil Gillespie
<[email protected]>

Start 
Thu, 28 Mar 2013 14:00

End 
Thu, 28 Mar 2013 15:00

Submitted by 
Michael Giudici <[email protected]>

Last Updated 
Wed, 02 Oct 2013 16:05

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