SEMINAR: CWR Seminar: Simulation Used to Generate Alerts within a Wildfire Early Warning System.
|CWR Seminar: Simulation Used to Generate Alerts within a Wildfire Early Warning System.
Following the February 2009 bushfires in Victoria, a nation-wide alert system has been activated. The University of Western Australia, FESA and Landgate have initiated a project which will develop a novel Wildfire Early Warning System, created by integrating a state-of-the-art simulator with an enhanced alert system.
The UWA bushfire simulator, which is central to the future National Bushfire Prediction Early and Warning System, will input the position of a current fire, current and forecast weather and up-to-date fuel age maps. From this it will generate predictions for the future position and time-of-arrival of the fire front. These predictions will be communicated to the public both as text messages and as maps sent over the internet and via web-enabled mobile devices.
The UWA fire spread simulation system currently incorporates fire behaviour (rate-of-spread) models that have been developed for different Australian landscapes. The system will interface with a real-time feed of current and forecast weather from the Australian Bureau of Meteorology. The developed system will include fire-fighting decision-support features such as the simulation of intervention measures (e.g. fire break creation and direct attack), and the ability to quickly specify and simulate alternative future weather scenarios, such as changes to wind speed or the timing of changes in direction. The project will subject the UWA simulator to an extensive testing process, whereby historical fires for which reliable data is available will be used to validate the system.
This project is a co-operation of the Fire and Emergency Services Authority of Western Australia, Landgate WA, and the University of Western Australia. It has been funded by the Digital Regions Initiative of the Australia Government. The UWA Bushfire Simulator was developed as a Bushfire Cooperative Research Centre project.
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